F A Q
Fabric prices are per running metre, supplied in one continuous length. With larger cuts you may be given it in two pieces. Samples and items like tea towels are sold per unit.
Larger orders. We can offer lower prices for rolls. Rolls are usually 20 to 40m. When you have ordered and seen samples please contact us - firstname.lastname@example.org with your requirements.
Can we buy wholesale ?
Yes, please see our Wholesale Enquiries page for more details.
Are your fabrics certified?
We ourselves are not certified by GOTS or
FTF (Fairtrade foundation).
We are quite small and the way we operate makes it difficult to work with large certifying bodies, who naturally have large overheads and fees to cover the great work they do.
- Our supplier, Genesh, in Kerala uses organic cotton yarn to weave his fabrics.
- The larger cotton weaving mills we work with are inspected and certified by GOTS. When we receive fabrics from these mills, we always ask for a certificate.
- Bamboo silk and jersey fabric is from yarn that is Oeko-tex certified.
If you are making garments, you can of
course say that the fabric is made from certified Organic Cotton or
that it is made in a certified mill. We are happy to supply copies of certificates upon purchase of fabric.
This is from our Turkish manufacturing unit.
of cotton is Aegean region of Turkey (Near İzmir). We always obtain
our own cotton from contracted farmers. Our spinning house is in
Denizli. Depending on the quality or lead times we may use
different knitting and dying houses placed in Denizli,İzmir or
İstanbul. All facilities have to certificated otherwise it is
not possible to give GOTS certificate to the final items (fabric or
All of the facilities (Farms,Spinning,Knitting or even warehouse where the finished fabrics are controlled and packed) have to carry the responsibilities that certification requires. The certification is made by non-profit certification companies like ICEA or Control union.
Are your fabrics Fairtrade?
We don't hold a Fairtrade license, so we don't use the logo unless we are selling fabric imported by a third party who do hold a licence. The fairtrade logo covers the cotton used, it does not cover the actual fabric.
We source mill made fabrics from GOTS certified mills. This means that checks are made to ensure safe working practices etc. You can find out more about the GOTS Standard here:
We have so far reinvested all profits into the company or to help the weavers. We distribute a percentage of Net profits to staff and fund local community initiatives.
Fair trade policy
We exist to trade fairly. Ethics is our back bone and we try to be transparent in the way we trade.
Most of our fabrics are sourced from GOTS certified companies. This means that checks are made to ensure safe working practices etc.
We pay our employees and weavers
We do not beat our partners to the lowest price, we look to find a price that will leave us both happy.
We don't charge you, the customer, the highest price that we can and try to offer a price that is fair to all our customers.
We do not seek to make the highest profit possible as we want to encourage everyone to use organic, sustainable fabrics.
Are your fabrics sustainable?
Our cotton fabrics are made from organic cotton. Organic agriculture incorporates principles that help to sustain soil and ecosystem health.
Our bamboo fabrics are certified by Oeko-Tex 100 as being free from harmful chemicals.
There's lots to know about bamboo, it grows freely without chemicals but the process of converting it to yarn does involve chemicals; similar to those used to make paper and soap.
Our bamboo silk and bamboo drape are 100% bamboo viscose. The process for these fabrics is done in a closed loop system.
Dyed bamboo is dyed in an Oeko-Tex certified dying unit.
Our bamboo jerseys are made in Turkey. The mill buys Oeko-Tex certified yarn. The dyes are Oeko-Tex certified.
Super jersey is made from 46% bamboo viscose and 46% organic cotton and 8% Lycra.
Lycra additives can be a bit problematic for us. Some of our fabrics have up to 8%.
What is handmade fabric?
There are two types of handmade fabric. First there are handloom fabrics like Texweave. These use thicker yarns and are made on a wooden loom entirely by hand. They will have small imperfections where the yarns are joined. There are also powerloom fabrics which are made on relatively small, electrically operated looms. These run faster and make around 25 metres of fabric in a day. They will also have small imperfections such as knots or shading.
What is yarn dying?
Rather than make fabric and then dye it, most of our fabric from Kerala is yarn dyed. The yarn is dyed before weaving. This gives a distinctive character but can also lead to small differences in dye shading.
Are your dyes natural?
We have tried natural dyes - that is to say dyes made from vegetable matter.
There have been several problems as we found them very unstable. They can run and fade.
This can be improved, but only with the use of heavy metal mordents.
Instead, we use low impact approved chemical dyes which are efficient and accepted as being safe. GOTS certification covers the dyes that are used in GOTS certified fabrics.
Genesh, our partner in Kerala, uses low impact chemical dyes (Novacron). He explains the dying system in Kerala below:
The dye house is having water disposing system with sludge treatment plant. The polluted water is going through different level of Tanks. In the first tank polluted water is collecting, then it overflows to next level tank filled with sand and stones, then over flows to another tanks adding Alum to purify, It is in the sixth tank the purified water using to watering the plants. The sludge is dried in sunlight and it is used as fertilizers.
Does your cloth contain chemicals?
We don't use finishing chemicals on our fabrics and they will be free of harmful pesticides, as the crop is organically grown.
Dyes are chemical based, but they are tested as being safe - they are called low impact dyes.
All cloth and yarn goes through some sort of sizing or washing - soap is used. Soap is made with caustic soda (Sodium Hydroxide)
Linens (flax) and bamboo do not normally require pesticides to grow.
We do not have information on clearance fabrics (usually linens).
Bamboo is made into yarn using sodium hydroxide, which is a chemical derived largely from ash and salt, so bamboo does go through a chemical process to make it into yarn.
The bamboo yarn is certified by Oeko-tex as being free from harmful chemicals.
Is your fabric bleached?
Oxybleach is the standard for organic cotton, our mill made fabrics are oxybleached - this is a system that uses hydrogen peroxide rather than chlorine bleach.
Genesh, our partner in Kerala, boils and beaches the yarn rather than the finished cloth - here is his explanation:
It is doing after boiling the yarn. For boiling soda ash, silicate are using. Silicate cleared the stains from the raw yarn. After boiling around 8 hours, the yarn stays in boiled water more than 12 hours. Then it is washed with plain water and enter on to the bamboo sticks. This yarns hanged on bamboo sticks are put in the bath tank used in hydrogen peroxide. After bleaching yarns are washing to washout its foam etc. For piece dyeing the fabrics are washed after bleaching to get maximum performance of color dyes.
Are your fabrics vegan?
None of our fabrics are certified as vegan.
We do get asked about this a lot, so we have asked some of our suppliers the question, here are their responses:
Kadeks: "The fabrics we make have no relation with animals. We are getting cotton which is a plant and making different kind of fabrics. We do not use any animal related thing in any process. Vegan term is used to separate leather and unleather products as I know. Vegan term can be used for fake leather qualities that is not sourced from a real animal skin or leather so they are animal friendly. You may easily say that we have no relation with animals. I do not think that Vegan term is something that can be called for a cotton fabric."
Silk n Fab: "We are using GOTS approved dyestuff etc. Not aware of any animal content on this."
Tell me about your threads?
Our thread spools (the ones we sell) are organic cotton.
The thread we use in Kerala for making items like squares, and quilting, and tea towels is an industrial thread and is polyester based. We would like to use organic cotton but find resistance from our makers as the thread is not easily available in India and they prefer the added strength and durability of polyester.... watch this space.
Can we use your fabric to manufacture our clothing?
Yes, no problem. There is no restriction on how you use our fabrics.
We stock both machine made fabric and handmade fabric. Please bear in mind that handmade fabric differs from machine made fabric; it may have irregularities, small repairs, it may shrink and one batch may be different from the next.
Batches can also vary slightly for mill made fabrics.
Please take an extra moment to inspect fabrics before making up.
Can we print on your fabrics?
Our finished fabrics are usually fine for screen printing.
Mill made fabrics like poplin, cambridge, percale, wide twill, jersey, batiste will all be okay for screen printing. Most of these will also be okay (after coating) for digital printing, however printers will have their own requirements so we would always advise showing them a sample.
Some of these mill fabrics will either by PFP or RFD -
PFP = Prepared for Printing
RFD = Ready for Dyeing
Unfinished fabrics - Linens and cottons may be suiltable for screen printing but you need to do your own tests. Unfinished fabric will shrink after washing. If they are produced by our supplier Genesh, in Kerala, they will have been made by hand and may have the odd slub, knot or irregularity. Such fabrics are crossweaves, narrow twill, denim and medium weight. If this is important to you then please ask for more detail.
All our fabrics are washable, but they are made in different batches by different weavers. Batches of handmade fabrics will be slightly different from batch to batch.
Unfinished cloths will shrink a lot as they are not washed.
Natural colour fabrics will shrink in general more than dyed fabrics.
Dyed fabrics are generally colour fast but they are sometimes hand dyed and batches can vary.
As a general guide - TEST. You can cut a strip and measure then wash and measure again - that's called a strip test and will give you an idea if there is bleed or shrinkage. Do ask, we will always do our best to advise.
When you pay you will be taken to the secure payment website to pay by card or Paypal. We do not hold your details. Your details are only entered when you are on the secure payment website.
We can take phone payments. We enter your details onto the secure payment website. We do not retain your details.
Any concerns, please get in touch.
Bank Transfers - Our bank transfers show up each morning, we generally try to ship the day after we see the funds in our morning bank statement.
We don't store any card or payment details.
Payments are made either through the bank or via Paypal without us retaining or storing information about you.
When you place on order on our website, we record some of your personal
details - name, billing address, shipping address, email address
and phone number, for the purposes of fulfilling your order. We will maintain your Order Information for our records.
Let us know if you have concerns.
Please see our Delivery & Returns page.
Look at every aspect of our business and try to make it environmentally sound and fair.
Don't get it right all the time but we are always trying to make improvements.
Use organic certified cotton.
Use cardboard and paper packaging for smaller orders where possible.
Re-use packaging where possible and aim to source environmentally sound products - such as our compostable mailing bags and clear bags from Polyair.
Are based on an Eco Park. Our premises are a highly insulated unit with 110 solar panels on the roof. Dyfi Eco Park was an early adopter of sustainable energy sources 18 years ago.